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            劉翔:擁抱茯茶的4G時代  
             
             
             
             
             
            原創Pai
             
            閱讀2329
            新絲路茶網
            新絲路茶網
            2019-05-06
             

              致敬五四青年節!革命性的創新是五四青年節的重要精神內涵。劉翔教授用中英文向全球推介茯茶的4G時代。按照劉翔教授的定義,茯茶的1G指古法制茶時代;茯茶的2G指1952年發花技術的改良;茯茶的3G指2G+機械化技術;茯茶的4G指3G+四控制技術(菌種控制,生長控制,代謝控制,發酵控制)。這段語音是劉翔教授的主旨演講《擁抱茯茶的4G時代》。劉翔教授的愿景,用生物化學工程做茯茶,讓金花開遍各種食品。今天這個話題是不是很革命?歡迎文末留言討論。

              |  劉翔中英文推介茯茶4G時代

              Xi’anwas an ancient imperial city of China. It served 11 dynasties for over thousandyears. Jing yang is a county in the northern suburb of Xi’an, where the ancientSilk Road started, It is also the Fu Tea hometown and mine. Althoughapproximately 600 years have passed, the ancient technology of Fu Tea is stillin use.

              西安是陜西省的省會,古代有一千多年,11個王朝在此建都。位于西安北郊的涇陽縣,是古絲綢之路的發源地,是茯茶的故鄉,也是我的故鄉。盡管已經過去了大約600年,但古老的茯茶加工技術,在這里仍然被使用。

              Althoughlots of fundamental research on Fu Tea have been done in recent years,  the production of Fu Tea still adopts thetraditional process and techniques.

              近年來,人們對茯茶進行了大量的基礎研究,但茯茶工業生產卻還在一直使用傳統的技術和工藝。

              Owingto my professional sensitivity, interest in nature and hometown feeling, I cameup with the idea of improving the traditional production process of Fu Tea.

              處于專業的敏感性,以及對自然興趣和家鄉的感情,我們產生了,改進傳統茯茶制作工藝的想法。

              Inancient times, tea was transported by ship from the south of China to JingYang, and then,compactedinto brick shape for the convenience of carrying by camels and horses,transferred to the western region of China, even other countries in the MiddleEast.

              在古代,茶葉從中國南方用船,運到絲綢之路起點涇陽,然后再壓成磚塊,以便于駱駝和馬匹攜帶,向中國西部地區,甚至中東等其他國家運輸。

              Byaccident, people discovered that some yellow things grew inside the brick teadue to damp. But the tea became more tasteful, so the yellow things were named"Golden Flower".

              偶然間,人們發現由于茶葉受潮,磚茶里長出了一些黃色的霉變,但茶的味道卻得到了很好的改善,這就是“茯茶金花”。

              Gradually the brick tea with Golden Flowerbecame very popular with carnivorous people, especially the minorities in theWestern part of China for they believe it was Fu Tea that made them healthierthan ever before.

              金花磚茶,逐漸受到肉食者群眾的的歡迎,尤其是中國西部的少數民族,因為長期喝茯茶,他們感覺比以前更健康。

              Asearly as 50 years ago, scientists found that the Golden Flower is actually akind of eatable fungus with medicinal value. The scientific name wasgiven as "Eurotium Cristatum" at year 1989.

              50年前,科學家發現茯茶金花,實際上是一種具有藥用價值的,可食用的有益菌,但直到1989年,金花菌的學術名才被定為“冠突散囊菌”。

              Itwas also found that the fermentation of tea leaves and the growth of goldenflowers were caused by the special climatic environment in Jing yang area.

              茶葉出現發酵和金花生長,是由于涇陽地區的特殊氣候環境原因造成的。

              Tobe honest, although I was born in the hometown of Fu Tea, I didn't like FuTea  when I was young, because it tasteslike Chinese medicine, bitter and astringent.

              我雖然出生在茯茶的故鄉,但我小的時候,其實不喜歡茯茶,因為它又苦又澀,味道像中藥。

              Itook interest in and began studying Fu Tea five years ago. When I came backedhome from abroad. A friend of mine told me about Fu Tea, the history, functionand medicinal value, a lots very detail.

              我真正的了解茯茶和開始研究茯茶,是在五年前。我從海外回到家鄉,一位朋友給我詳細地介紹了有關茯茶的歷史、功能和其藥用價值。

              Imajor in Chemical Engineering and specialize in the study of Microbiologicalengineering. Because of my professional sensitivity, I have a strong interestin the Fu Tea and Golden Flower.

              我的專業是化學工程,并專注于微生物工程研究。由于我專業的敏感性,我對茯茶和金花產生了濃厚的興趣。

              FuTea has been proved by modern research with certain health care value andmedical functions such as antioxidant, reducing high blood glucose and highplasma lipid and regulating immune system.

              茯茶已被現代研究所證實,具有一定的保健養生價值和藥用價值,如:抗氧化、降血糖、降血脂,以及免疫系統調節作用等。

              Byreading literature, I found that Fu Tea and Golden Flower have been studied bymany professors and scholars for about 50 years. They have made greatachievements and have their views published in scientific journals.

              從大量收集的科技文獻資料中,我發現在過去的50年里,許多大學和研究機構的教授和學者,已經對茯茶和金花菌進行了大量的基礎研究,并取得許多成就,發表了很多科學研究論文。

              However,in the existing industry of Fu Tea, we cannot find any Professional equipmentand industrial technology package related with those great achievements.

              然而,在現有的茯茶產業中,很難找到能夠應用這些研究成果的相關專業設備和生產工藝包。

              Ithink the best way to improve the traditional process is to combine the teascience, biology with Chemical Engineering,Fermentation Engineering, Pharm TechEngineering and Auto-control, to design new production equipment andtechnology.

              我認為,要改進這些傳統工藝的最佳途徑,是將茶葉科學、生物學和化學工程,發酵工程,制藥工程,和自動控制等相結合,設計和開發新的生產設備和技術工藝包。

              Accordingto the historical records, Fu Tea process was invented 600 years ago. But themethod of quality control mainly relied on feeling, observation and hand touchas well as the experience of technicians and workers.

              據史料記載,六百年前就有了傳統的茯茶的生茶工藝。但質量控制的方法都是,手拿把掐,以眼觀察,以心度量,所有這些,都取決于技術人員和操作人員的經驗。

              Itwas not until 1952, experts from China Tea Group and Northwest Fu Tea Factory,paid a visit to the China Academy of Sciences, CAS, to seek help.

              1952年,中國茶葉集團和西北茯茶廠的人員,前往中國科學尋求幫助。

              Theyfound the problem of traditional Fu Tea production which leads to the excessiveharmful bacteria that would affect the quality of Fu Tea and people's health.

              他們發現,古法工藝加工的茯茶,有害細菌的超標的現象,影響到茯茶的質量和人民的健康。

              Mr.Fang Xin Fang, academician and the Founder of China Microbiology, Director ofthe Institute of Microbiology of CAS, spent half a year , working out a newprocess which can improve the traditional technology that had been used forapproximately 600 years.

              中國科學院,微生物研究所所長,中國微生物學的奠基人,方心芳院士,花了半年的時間,提出了一些新方法,改進了已經使用近600年的傳統工藝。

              Withthe rapid development of science and technology, Fu Tea production has receivedconsiderable attention by researchers and investors.

              隨著科學技術的飛速發展,茯茶生產受到了研究人員和投資者的廣泛關注。

              In spite of this, almost all the manufactures arestill using the traditional technology. They do have made some improvement, butit’s a kind of labour change.

              盡管如此,幾乎所有的茶廠仍在使用傳統技術。他們確實做了一些改進,但大部分只局限于改變了勞動力。

              Onlythe traditional manual works are replaced by equipment, tools, and instruments,such as conveyors, screens, compacting machines, AC, humidifiers and meters oftemperature and moisture control. Anyway, no breakthrough is found in theprocess of Fu Tea.

              也就是說,只是一些傳統的手工工作,被設備、工具和儀器所取代,如傳送帶、篩子、壓力機、空調、加濕器,溫度、濕度控制儀表等,但這并沒有對茯茶的生產工藝,產生實質性的改變。

              Onthe basis of tea science and microbiology, apply the knowledge of ChemicalEngineering, Pharm tech, and auto-control to the microbial fermentation processof Fu Tea, we have developed some new technologies, procedures and equipment.

              目前,我們以茶學和微生物學為基礎,將化工技術、制藥技術和自動控制技術,應用于茯茶的微生物發酵過程,已經開發出了新的茯茶生產技術工藝和設備。

              Meanwhile,our laboratory is cooperating with domestic universities, jointly to researchand develop some nutritional and health foods.

              同時,我們的實驗室也在與國內一些大學合作,共同研發營養保健食品。

              Fromthe flask of laboratory to the Submerged Culture Technology ofIndustrialization, SCTI, we spent one year.

              從實驗室的燒瓶里,到工業化的液態培養平臺,我們花了一年時間。

              Fromthe Submerged Culture Technology to the platform of Solid Fermentation ofIndustrialization, SFI, we spent another year.

              從工業化液態培養平臺,到工業化固體發酵平臺,我們又花了一年時間。

              Fromthe Solid Fermentation to the Final Test Unit of Industrialization,we spent oneyear.

              從工業化固體發酵平臺到工業化終試單元,我們花了又一年時間。

              Fromthe Final Test Unit to the Model Unit of factory, we spent one year again.

              從工業化終試單元,到工廠樣機,我們又花了一年。

              Godrewards diligence. four years of hard work is paid. Now we have today'sachievements...

            天道酬勤。我們付出了四年的努力,終于有了今天的一點點成就…

              Thenew technology including four major elements, that are: Breeding Control, GrowthControl, Metabolizing Control, Fermentation Control.

              新的茯茶生產工藝,主要包括:菌種控制, 生長控制, 代謝控制, 發酵控制

              BreedingControl means: Obtaining excellent strains by collecting and separatingoriginal strains of Golden Flower from the traditional Fu Tea and through aseries of procedures for selection, cultivation and purification.

              菌種控制是指:從傳統的茯茶中采集和分離出原始的菌種,經過一系列的篩選、培養、純化等過程,從而獲得優良的菌株。

              GrowthControl means : Inducing the fungus grow and reproduce sexually, to gethigh-quality Fu Tea with more Golden Flowers. So some relevant conditions mustbe under control to reduce asexually growing.

              控制生長是指:引導菌種向有性繁殖生長方向發展,從而得到金花繁茂的優質茯茶。所以,為了減少無性生長,一些相關的條件就必須控制。

              MetabolizingControl : Hydrolytic enzymes, fungal polysaccharides and yellow pigments aremetabolized materials by the Fungus. The Golden Flower is valuable to thehealth of human being, because of those metabolized materials. So stimulatingand adjusting related growth conditions control are necessary.

              水解酶、真菌多糖和黃色素是金花菌的主要代謝產物。金花菌對人的健康具有寶貴的價值,也主要就是因為有這些代謝物。所以,控制和刺激其相應的生長條件,就是十分必要的。

              Fermentation Control FermentationControl: We don't expect any harmful bacteria growing in Fu Tea.

              我們并不希望在茯茶中生長有任何有害的雜菌。

              Weanticipate more Golden Flower blossom. The more, the better. Meanwhile, we hopethe fungus will not change or affect tea taste. Therefore, fermentation causedby growing of harmful bacteria should be controlled.

              我們希望金花越多越好,但不希望茶中的菌群,會改變或影響茶的口感,所以,有害菌的生長發酵就必須得到控制。

              TraditionalFu Tea is fermented by multi-strains, the fungus of "Golden Flower"is only one of them. Research shows that most strains inside the raw materialof Fu Tea is harmful bacteria and undesirable.

              傳統的茯茶是由多種菌種發酵,其中“金花菌”只是眾多菌種中的一種。研究表明,茯茶原料中的大多數菌株,是有害菌或且不宜存在。

              Althoughmethods like steam fumigating have been used, some harmful bacteria are stillgrowing and proliferating.

              雖然也采取了一些措施,例如蒸汽熏蒸,但一些頑固的有害菌,依然會生長和繁殖。

              Therefore,the unstable quality brings about poor products. What’s worse, the taste of teachanges variably.

              所以,生產質量不穩定,次品率高,味道多變。

              Peoplelose confidence in the traditional Fu Tea industry.

              因此,一些人對傳統的茯茶生產幾乎失去了信心。

              Normally,traditional Fu Tea is made from the raw material of black tea.

              一般來說,傳統的茯茶主要由黑茶為原料加工。

              Butwith our new process, various raw tea material can be used to ferment Fu Teawith different taste, such as Red Fu Tea, Black Fu Tea, Green Fu Tea and White FuTea.

              但我們新的加工工藝,可以用各種不同的茶為原料,生產出不同的茯茶,其中包括紅茯茶、黑茯茶、綠茯茶和白茯茶等。

              Thenew technology that we invented, is called "Fourth Generation" of FuTea Technology, or 4G .

              我們發明的新技術,稱為4G茯茶技術。

              Traditionally,tea leaves is compressed into "brick" shape, that’s why it is called"Brick Tea" . After natural fermentation, it is called " BrickFu Tea".

              傳統的工藝是將原料茶壓成“磚”形,所以稱為“磚茶”。自然發酵后,便稱為“茯磚茶”。

              With4G technology, Fu Tea can be made in various shapes and forms. They can be madein the shape of brick and ball, not compacted but porous,

              4G工藝生產的茯茶可有多種形狀和形式,例如磚形和球形,但是這種茶和球茶都是較松散的狀態,

              Ofcause, Fu Tea in other shapes also may be produced, for example, loosed Fu Teaand cracked Fu Tea.

              當然,其他形狀的茯茶也可以生產,例如散茯茶和碎茯茶等。

              Byusing 4G technology, almost any edible plants and seeds can be used, to producesome different health foods, and even some functional supplements oftraditional Chinese Medicines.

              茯茶4G技術,幾乎可以用任何一種可食用植物和種子,生產出一些不同類型的保健食品,甚至功能性的中藥補充劑。

              Apartfrom a series of tea products, we plan to produce more other types of products,such as Fu Wine or Whiskey, Fu coffee, Fu noodles and flour, Chinese Fumedicine and so on.

              除了一系列新的茶產品外,我們還將生產更多的衍生品,如:付酒威士忌、茯咖啡、茯面條和茯面粉、茯中藥等。

              Comparedwith traditional Fu Tea technology, 4G does not mean negation but improvement.The long tradition of Fu Tea is the mother of 4G.

              對傳統茯茶技術而言,4G茯茶技術,不是改變而是發展;不是否定而是改進。傳統只有發展,才能更好的繼承。

              素材來源:北極宮公司

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